Learning materials in this activity will be divided into two main sections; Key Features of The Text and Meaning Making Task. Study them carefully and do each of the tasks that follows.
Key Features of Descriptive Texts
A descriptive text:
- describes particular things, animals, persons, or others, for instance: pets or persons we know well (Gerot dan Wignell, 1994 dalam Anggun, 2016)
- appeals to the senses, tells how something looks, feels, smells, tastes, and/ or sounds; something like a word picture enabling readers to imagine the described objects, places, or persons (Oshima dan Hogue, 1998)
- is used to show, report, describe, and present information.
A descriptive text is made up of identification or general statement and description element. Identification introduces and identifies specific objects (a person, thing, place, animal or event) intended to be described. Description describes the intended objects using descriptive details or information about the objects’ characteristics, appearances, personality, habits or qualities. (Derewianka, 2004; Butt et. al., 2000; Gerot & Wignell, 1994; Knapp and Watkins, 2005, p.149; Emilia & Christie, 2013).
Significant Lexicogrammatical Features
The features of a descriptive text are:
1. focusing on a specific object
2. generally using Present Tense
3. using linking verbs and verbs to classify things and describe appearances, characteristics, parts, and functions
4. frequently using pre-and post-modified noun phrases;
5. using adjectives and adverbs to add information to nouns and verbs in the provision of detailed information
6. using adverbial phrases of manner, place, or time
7. using words explaining characteristics or features (size, shape, location, colour,etc)
8. using details to visualize the topic
9. providing examples (using the phrases for instance, such as, to illustrate, or to demonstrate)
10. using the topic word or the topic-synonymous word repeatedly.